UNDERSTANDING AND CARING FOR YOUR FABRICS
To understand textiles is to know how to care for your clothes. When you understand the characteristics of fabrics and how they work in design and style you will know what to look for when purchasing a garment, not only that, your clothing will last longer and maintain a brand new look despite many wearings.
Textiles fall into different categories: Man made fibers, and natural fibers. It will be too detailed and tiresome to go into all the details of textiles and to be frank it is not necessary. The important thing is that you understand the effect fabric has on style and how to effectively care for your clothes so you get the optimum use.
For a softer look, not tailored, you have more options like: Cotton, Silk, Rayons, Chiffon, lace, jersey (although there are some jerseys that tailor well)
If you want a tailored look choose clothing made from Gabardine, Wool blend, Tweed, Polyester, Serge, Poplin
Taffeta and Organza will give a more crisp look.
The latest craze is denim. Denim has come a long way, it is not as stiff and uncomfortable as when it was first introduced, it is now wearer friendly and can be very versatile.
CARING FOR YOUR CLOTHES
When purchasing a garment it’s a good idea to check the fiber content label.
If you are a sewist, when in doubt check with the label on the bolt for the fiber content.
There are several type of fabric on the market today, however each fabric has a different characteristic and has to be cared for differently
The most popular fabrics are: wool, cotton, linen, silk, chiffon, lace, jersey, rayon, spandex (used for sportswear and swimsuits), metallic, denim. There are also blends of the above list fabric. Then you have the polyester and polyester blends.
If you follow the cleaning instructions on your clothing label you will get optimum wear and your garments will last for years and look good as new.
You can also DIY cleaning at home. It will save you on your dry cleaning bill. You can clean your delicate wool sweaters in cold water. Put cold water in a basin and add a tablespoon of dishwasher liquid, allow to soak for half an hour, then squeeze a few times, rinse until water is clear, squeeze excess water out, do not rub or wring. Lay flat to dry.
You can follow the same process for chiffon, silk, lace, rayon, jersey and spandex. You can use warm water instead of cold for these fabrics and hang in the bathroom to dry.
It’s a good idea to invest in a steamer, especially for the jersey, chiffon or silk. Using an iron may stretch the fabric or you may not have a smooth finish,
If you are blessed to own one of the high tech washing machines, you can wash on the delicate cycle. Make sure to follow fabric instructions and the instructions on the washing machine.